The definition of basic necessities has become variable in today’s current scenario. Food, clothing, shelter, education, healthcare are believed to be some the basic needs of an individual. But, the status quo today paints a different picture.
According to the Census of India 2011 here are more households with telephones in the country than those which have access to things such as bicycle and television. About 63 per cent of Indian households in the country now have a telephone connection compared to just 9.1 per cent in 2001.
One-sixth of the country, or 200 million Indians, don't possess any of the most basic assets like a transistor or TV, phone, vehicle of any kind or a computer. The House listing and Housing Census shows how India lives - how many people in a house, how they light their houses and where they get their water from, do they use computer or laptop and some of the things they own.
2011 is the first year that the Census is counting mobile and landline use separately, and the numbers show that telephony in India is overwhelmingly about mobile phones. There are 24.6 crore households in the country of which 15.5 crore have a telephone connection. There are 13.1 crore households with only mobile and just under a crore houses with only fixed line phones. Nearly 1.4 crore houses have both mobile phones and a fixed line mostly of which are in the urban areas
According to the TRAI, there are over 900 million phone users in the country. But doubts have been raised about the actual penetration in the country given that there are subscribers with multiple connections. The Census numbers reinforces that telecom penetration is actually happening in the country both urban and rural areas. While 54 per cent of rural houses have a phone connection, in the urban areas it is 82 per cent.
A considerable regional variation is also seen. East and North-East India have low telephone density, with Chhattisgarh and Orissa being the country's worst. Delhi, Chandigarh, Goa, Lakshadweep and Kerala all have a tele-density close to 90%.
Television continues to be the biggest mode of entertainment with 47.2 per cent households owning a set. Only 19.9 per cent people own a radio or transistor.
The Census also revealed that while 6.3 per cent of households have either a computer or a laptop without Internet, about 3.1 per cent have the device with Net connection. In this segment, Chandigarh leads with 33 per cent houses having a computing device and Chhattisgarh the worst with just over 4 households with a PC.
April 22, 2013, 5:55 am UTC
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